- One is the reward perspective, the answer to the why question.
- The second is the perception perspective, the answer to the how question.
Cultural Variations for Job Satisfaction
Consider the following findings (Sousa-Poza and Sousa-Poza, 2000):
- Japanese workers report the third lowest job satisfaction levels
- Easter European former Soviet block countries (Hungary, Russia, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Czech Republic) were rock bottom in job satisfaction
- 10% of workers in USA were dissatisfied with their jobs
So, the link between job satisfaction and culture is very strong, but rather complicated.
If you don’t care about your work, don’t expect that your work will care about you!
- Currall, S. C., Towler, A. J., Judge, T. A. and Krohn, L. (2005) “Pay Satisfaction and Organizational Outcomes.” Personnel Psychology, 58 (3), 613-640.
- Kosteas, Vasilios, D. (2011) Job Satisfaction and Promotions in Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, ISSN 0019-8676, 01/2011, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp. 174 – 194.
- Tremblay, M., Sire, B. and Balkin, D. (2000). “The Role of Organizational Justice in Pay and Employee Benefit Satisfaction, and its Effects on Work Attitudes.” Group and Organization Management, 25 (3), 269-290.
- Sousa-Poza, A. and Sousa-Poza, A.A., ‘Well-being at work: a cross-national analysis of the levels and determinants of job satisfaction’, Journal of Socio-Economics , Vol. 29, No. 6, 2000, pp. 517-538.
- Bauer, T.K., High performance workplace practices and job satisfaction: Evidence from Europe , Discussion Paper No. 1265, Institute for the Study of Labour (IZA), 2004, available at: http://ftp.iza.org/dp1265.pdf